The knee joint is one of the most heavily used joints in the human body and is a critical joint in our everyday mobility. As such, knee pain often takes a long time to heal on its own due to the joint’s high usage. However, when left unattended, knee pain can be debilitating and permanent damage can be done to the soft tissue such as ligaments and cartilage. If you feel pain in your knee, it is important that you arrange for an appointment with a trusted orthopaedic specialist to ensure that the condition does not worsen.
Some common knee conditions that professional athletes and casual sportspeople suffer from are cartilage injuries, arthritis and anterior cruciate ligament tears.
Injured cartilage typically does not heal on its own, so doctors have developed several surgical techniques that attempt to repair, regenerate, and replace cartilage. They are generally appropriate for people who have specific cartilage injuries rather than widespread cartilage damage, like that found in moderate to severe knee arthritis.
Special tools can be used to remove frayed and tattered cartilage and smooth the remaining cartilage surface. This contouring of cartilage reduces joint friction, which in turn can:
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